Biology’s cruel joke goes something like this: As a teenage body goes through puberty, its circadian rhythm essentially shifts three hours backward. Suddenly, going to bed at nine or ten o’clock at night isn’t just a drag, but close to a biological impossibility. Studies of teenagers around the globe have found that adolescent brains do not start releasing melatonin until around eleven o’clock at night and keep pumping out the hormone well past sunrise. Adults, meanwhile, have little-to-no melatonin in their bodies when they wake up. With all that melatonin surging through their bloodstream, teenagers who are forced to be awake before eight in the morning are often barely alert and want nothing more than to give in to their body’s demands and fall back asleep. Because of the shift in their circadian rhythm, asking a teenager to perform well in a classroom during the early morning is like asking him or her to fly across the country and instantly adjust to the new time zone — and then do the same thing every night, for four years.

Sleep and the teenage brain (via explore-blog)

This is why you have every right to be tired.  

(via lookrainbows)

Researchers now see sleep problems as a cause, and not a side effect, of teenage depression.” - from the artcle! 

(via scruffyshezza)

My high school actually acknowledged this and pushed our school start time back from 7:30 to 8:10. It wasn’t much, but just an extra half hour of sleep really helped a lot of students.

(Source: explore-blog)

Anonymous asked
If you have an outdoor cat that's hunting birds and other wildlife, you're pretty anti-nature. Outdoor cats account for the large declining bird population as it is and you're profiting off of it. Not cool.

whowasntthere:

forestspirit-waterspirit:

wolftea:

Our cat passed away over a year ago…
 I know the polls and know that felines kill billions of birds along with other small creatures per year. Though in my personal perspective its seems a bit ridiculous to foster and have a feline companion… but not allow them outside and deny their natural instincts.

Housecats or domesticated cats do have an affect on the general decline in bird population. Though, it is the stray and feral felines that really bring in the decreasing numbers due to their constant procreation and not having the convenience of a full food dish every morning.
Again I know the statistics and understand that house cats do in fact weigh in the numbers, but there are simple things that can be done to help decrease the ever growing feline population and decrease fatality rates… such as fixing your cat or helping organizations spay and neuter feral cats.

And though I may use bits and pieces of animals brought to me by felines, doesn’t mean I am in fact supporting the declining bird population.. it means I hate to see something wasted, so whatever doesn’t get eaten gets utilized.
Simple as that. 

While I applaud you for not letting the bones go to waste and noted that this anon’s tone was a bit poor, I noticed a few problematic points in your response.

First about well-fed housecats not hunting. A study was done by the University of Georgia and National Geographic on this exact same thing. They found that 1 in 3 of these well-fed cats killed prey. They averaged 2 kills per week. With the estimated 93.5 million pet cats in the USA, that’s a lot of birds, small mammals, and lizards dying.

Another interesting thing that study found is that cats tend to bring home only 21% of their kills. The rest are eaten or just left to rot. So what you see that your cat has killed is only a small percentage of what they actually do and will bias your view on just how much damage kitty does.

So yes, while there are other anthropogenic causes of wildlife decline, cats are one of them. They were introduced by humans and therefore are a human-caused problem. Same thing with other invasives. People just seem to love cats more because they are fluffy and live in our homes.

Now onto the “natural instinct” thing. Dogs have hunting instincts, too. Many dogs have a very high prey drive and will kill small animals on sight (including cats). Is it right to keep that instinct from them? Most people would say no. As a responsible pet owner it is your job to redirect your pets instinct to something constructive like play or training. If you can’t do that, you shouldn’t have pets.

^^

I live by a busy road and can’t let my cats out by themselves. But I walk my cats with a harness and a leash through the park once or twice a week. They love it! They can explore the nature and play with insects and leaves but are supervised by me so there is no killing of other animals. And when we don’t go to the park there is lots of indoor playtime. Harness and leash is a great way to give cats a natural outdoor experience without the environmental damage. You do have to take it slow though, as some cats take awhile to adjust to new concepts like a harness. One of my cats was very hesitant about the harness at first but now when I get it out, he will sprint to the front door because he knows we’re going walking.

america-wakiewakie:

Heartbreaking photos show the first day back to school in Gaza. Many students did not return.

(Photo Credit: Shehab News Agency)

skypig357:

Why is no one talking about her assault of him? I mean, seeing as how SHE HIT FIRST.

Does this not matter at all?

There is a rampant hypocrisy at work here

Violence from either side is wrong. There are ways to have an argument without resorting to physical violence. That being said, there are also ways to retaliate to violence without resorting to violence yourself. He could have simply called the police after she hit him. But he, the much larger, stronger person, chose instead to beat her unconscious and drag her limp body out of the elevator. She shouldn’t have hit him. But he should not have retaliated.

(Source: -teesa-)

princess-neville:

making fun of girls for having “daddy issues” is literally the most illogically cruel thing i can think of haha “hey you! your dad sucked! i bet that really impacted your life and the way you form relationships with other people lmfao fuckin loser” 

womenagainstfeminism:

Click here to submit your picture

You seem to be caught up in some bad stereotypes about feminism. The true definition of feminism is that women and men deserve equal rights. That’s literally it. Any woman you see acting violently and angrily towards men out of hate is NOT a feminist. Shaving your legs or not shaving your legs has nothing to do with feminism. Sometimes I shave, sometimes I don’t. It’s all about what YOU feel comfortable with. 
First off, there are plenty of things out there to still fight for! It might interest you to know that every single Senate Republican voted against the Equal Pay Bill. It might interest you to know that there is a sickening amount of legislation on the female body, that abortion clinics are slowly disappearing, and that pregnant females in some cases literally have less rights than a corpse. 
And that’s just in America. 
In parts of Africa and the Middle East, female genital mutilation is still a tradition. Young girls are told that if they do not do this, no one will want them, and they will never marry. They have their clitorises and labia removed. Because many countries have outlawed this, genital mutilation often occurs with unclean tools, and no anesthetic. Can you imagine having your clit ripped off? Without anesthetic or medication? 
The marriage of young girls and the selling of young girls into the sex trade is also a serious problem in our world today. Girls as young as SIX are married off to middle aged men and raped repeatedly. In several cases, girls have had severe injuries and even died from being raped by their much older husbands. Rape is a crisis nearly everywhere. I live in a small city and there are over 400 men who live here who are registered sex offenders for child molestation and rape, or child pornography. If you want to understand this on a global scale, nearly 60 million children are assaulted on their way to school each year. There are several countries where marital rape is not a crime. There are even US politicians who have stated that they don’t believe marital rape to be a crime. 
Next, catcalling is not rape, no. But there is a huge distinction between catcalling and a compliment. A compliment would be something like “That’s a pretty dress.” or “You have a lovely smile.” compliments are great! I compliment people all the time! Catcalling, however, is not a compliment. “Nice tits, bitch.” is not a compliment. If a man becomes angry or threatening when you ignore him, it’s not a compliment. Groping and grabbing is not a compliment, and while it is not rape, it is certainly sexual harassment. Your body is yours alone, and it is a privilege for someone else to touch it, not a right.
These are all serious problems in our world today that feminists are working to eradicate! It’s not about being edgy or “cool”. It’s about empowering and lifting up women all around the world. Through spreading the word, voting, volunteering and donating, we can all make this world a little nicer for the next generation. :)

womenagainstfeminism:

Click here to submit your picture

You seem to be caught up in some bad stereotypes about feminism. The true definition of feminism is that women and men deserve equal rights. That’s literally it. Any woman you see acting violently and angrily towards men out of hate is NOT a feminist. Shaving your legs or not shaving your legs has nothing to do with feminism. Sometimes I shave, sometimes I don’t. It’s all about what YOU feel comfortable with. 

First off, there are plenty of things out there to still fight for! It might interest you to know that every single Senate Republican voted against the Equal Pay Bill. It might interest you to know that there is a sickening amount of legislation on the female body, that abortion clinics are slowly disappearing, and that pregnant females in some cases literally have less rights than a corpse. 

And that’s just in America. 

In parts of Africa and the Middle East, female genital mutilation is still a tradition. Young girls are told that if they do not do this, no one will want them, and they will never marry. They have their clitorises and labia removed. Because many countries have outlawed this, genital mutilation often occurs with unclean tools, and no anesthetic. Can you imagine having your clit ripped off? Without anesthetic or medication? 

The marriage of young girls and the selling of young girls into the sex trade is also a serious problem in our world today. Girls as young as SIX are married off to middle aged men and raped repeatedly. In several cases, girls have had severe injuries and even died from being raped by their much older husbands. Rape is a crisis nearly everywhere. I live in a small city and there are over 400 men who live here who are registered sex offenders for child molestation and rape, or child pornography. If you want to understand this on a global scale, nearly 60 million children are assaulted on their way to school each year. There are several countries where marital rape is not a crime. There are even US politicians who have stated that they don’t believe marital rape to be a crime. 

Next, catcalling is not rape, no. But there is a huge distinction between catcalling and a compliment. A compliment would be something like “That’s a pretty dress.” or “You have a lovely smile.” compliments are great! I compliment people all the time! Catcalling, however, is not a compliment. “Nice tits, bitch.” is not a compliment. If a man becomes angry or threatening when you ignore him, it’s not a compliment. Groping and grabbing is not a compliment, and while it is not rape, it is certainly sexual harassment. Your body is yours alone, and it is a privilege for someone else to touch it, not a right.

These are all serious problems in our world today that feminists are working to eradicate! It’s not about being edgy or “cool”. It’s about empowering and lifting up women all around the world. Through spreading the word, voting, volunteering and donating, we can all make this world a little nicer for the next generation. :)

worldoflis:

girldwarf:

Deconstructing Masculinity & Manhood with Michael Kimmel @ Dartmouth College

YAAAAEEESSSSSSS

You know what I like, and feel is so important? That he doesn’t say “Men thinks those are THEIR positions”. He says “We think those are OUR positions.”

As a male feminist, he still doesn’t exclude himself from the group of men.

(Source: exgynocraticgrrl)

extended-metaphor:

I’LL ESCAPE NOW FROM THAT WORLD
FROM THE WORLD OF JEAN VALJEAN
THERE IS NO WHERE I CAN TURN
THERE IS NO WAY TO GO OOOOOONNN

extended-metaphor:

I’LL ESCAPE NOW FROM THAT WORLD

FROM THE WORLD OF JEAN VALJEAN

THERE IS NO WHERE I CAN TURN

THERE IS NO WAY TO GO OOOOOONNN

(Source: bryko)